Policies

 
 
THE PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES (EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES, PROTECTION OF RIGHTS AND FULL PARTICIPATION) ACT, 1995

The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995” has come into enforcement on February 7, 1996. This law is an important landmark and is a significant step in the direction to ensure equal opportunities for people with disabilities and their full participation in the nation building. The Act establishes responsibility on the society to make adjustments for disabled people so that they overcome various practical, psychological and social hurdles created by their disability. The Act provides for both preventive and promotional aspects of rehabilitation like education, employment and vocational training, reservation, research and manpower development, creation of barrier-free environment, rehabilitation of persons with disability, unemployment and establishment of homes for persons with severe disability, etc.

 

 

THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES BILL, 2014

The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on February 7, 2013 by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Mr. Mallikarjun Kharge. The Bill repeals the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.

 

THE MENTAL HEALTH ACT, 1987

Prior to 1993, Indian Lunacy Act, 1912 was governing the mental health in India. After independence formed the Indian Psychiatric Society who has drafted a Mental Health Bill and submitted it to the Govt of India. And the bill was finally adopted by Rajya Sabha in 1986 and then in the Lok Sabha in 1987. This bill received President's assent on May, 1987 and started being implemented from April, 1993.

 

The Mental Health Care Bill, 2013

The Mental Health Care Bill, 2013 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on August 19, 2013. The Bill repeals the Mental Health Act, 1987. The Statements of Objects and Reasons to the Bill, state the government ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2007. The new Bill was introduced becuase the existing Act does not adequately protect the rights of persons with mental illness nor promote their access to mental health care. The key features of the Bill are:

  • Rights of persons with mental illness
  • Advance Directive
  • Central and State Mental Health Authority
  • Mental Health Establishments
  • Mental Health Review Commission and Board
  • Mental Health Review Commission and Board

 

THE NATIONAL TRUST FOR THE WELFARE OF PERSONS WITH AUTISM, CEREBRAL PALSY, MENTAL RETARDATION AND MULTIPLE DISABILITIES ACT, 1999

National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disability Act, 1999 has provisions for legal guardianship of the four categories and creation of enabling environment for as much independent living as possible.

 

THE REHABILITATION COUNCIL OF INDIA ACT, 1992

Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992 deals with the development of manpower for providing rehabilitation services.

 

National Policy on Universal Electronic Accessibility

The Union Cabinet on October 2013 approved the National Policy on Universal Electronic Accessibility that recognizes the need to eliminate discrimination on the basis of disabilities as well as to facilitate equal access to electronics and Information and Communication Technologies(ICTs). The policy facilitates equal and unhindered access to electronics and ICTs products and services by differently abled persons (both physically and mentally challenged) and to facilitate local language support for the same. This could be achieved through universal access to electronics and ICT products and services to synchronize with barrier free environment and preferably usable without adaptation. Differently abled persons all over the country are expected to benefit from this policy.

 

National Policy of PWD

The document provides a brief introduction about our national acts, national institutes for persons with disabilities (PWDs). Along with an overview about our national policy w.r.t. prevention of disabilities, rehabilitation measures and economic rehabilitation, our policy status for women and children with disabilities, social security measures etc.

UN Convention on Rights Of Persons With Disablities